Pengaruh Penuaan Elektrik Terhadap Karakteristik Tegangan Tembus dan PDIV Minyak NanoNynas

Aulia Aulia, Abdul Manab, Eka Putra Waldi, Muhammad Kodrat, Gusvita Widia

Abstract


The dielectric strength of pure nynas oil can be enhanced by adding various nanoparticles such as nanoalumina (Al2O3). To see the effect of the addition of alumina nanoparticles, 4 types of nynas oil have been prepared with the addition of nanoalumina particles by 0.00%, 0.010%, 0.015% and 0.020%. All samples were tested for dielectric breakdown voltage and partial discharge inception voltage (PDIV) test at room temperature with reference to IEC 60156 test standards. The results showed that the nanonynas oil breakdown voltage increased by 6% and the value of the partial discharge inception voltage also higher than that of pure oil.

 Keywords : Mineral oil, alumina, brekadown voltage, partial discharge inception voltage


Abstrak

Kekuatan dielektrik minyak transformator nynas nitro murni dapat ditingkatkan dengan menambahkan berbagai partikel nano seperti nanoalumina (Al2O3).Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk melihat effek penambahan partikel nano alumina terhadap karakteristik tegangan tembus dan tegangan insepsi peluahan sebagian. Empat jenis minyak nynas dengan komposisi penambahan partikel nanoalumina sebesar 0.00%, 0.010%, 0.015% dan 0.020% diuji tegangan tembus dielektrik, tegangan insepsi peluahan sebagian (PDIV) pada suhu ruang dengan merujuk kepada standar pengujian IEC 60156. Hasil menunjukkan bahwa tegangan tembus minyak nanonynas meningkat sebesar 6% dan nilai tegangan insepsi dan peluahan sebagian lebih tinggi dibandingkan dengan minyak murni. 

Kata Kunci : Minyak  nynas nitro libra, alumina (AL2O3), tegangan tembus, PDIV


Full Text:

PDF

References


P. G. Scholar and R. T. A. R. Prasath, “Enhancement of Critical Properties of Pure and Aged Transformer Oil Using Nanocomposites,” pp. 382–387, 2014.

D. A. Arifianto, I. Soemarwanto, and I. H. Purnomo, “Analisis Kegagalan Transformator Di PT Asahimas Chemical Banten Berdasarkan Hasil Uji DGA Dengan Metode Roger ’ s Ratio,” Student J., vol. 1–6, no. 2, 2013.

F. O’Sullivan et al., “A model for the initiation and propagation of positive streamers in transformer oil,” Conf. Rec. IEEE Int. Symp. Electr. Insul., no. 1, pp. 210–214, 2008.

A. I. Hafez, N. S. Gerges, H. N. Ibrahim, W. S. I. Abou El-magd, and A. I. Hashem, “Evaluation of kaolin clay as natural material for transformer oil treatment to reduce the impact of ageing on copper strip,” Egypt. J. Pet., vol. 26, no. 2, pp. 533–539, 2017.

T. A. Prevost and T. V. Oommen, “Cellulose insulation in oil-filled power transformers: Part I - History and development,” IEEE Electr. Insul. Mag., vol. 22, no. 1, pp. 28–34, 2006.

T. O. Rouse, “Mineral insulating oil in transformers,” IEEE Electr. Insul. Mag., vol. 14, no. 3, pp. 6–16, 1998.

M. S. Mohamad, H. Zainuddin, S. A. Ghani, and I. S. Chairul, “Breakdown and Partial Discharge Performance of Palm Fatty Acid Ester (PFAE) Oil - based Fe 3 O 4 Nanofluids,” pp. 317–321, 2016.

A. Rajab et al., “Partial discharge phase distribution of palm oil as insulating liquid,” Telkomnika, vol. 9, no. 1, pp. 151–160, 2011.

I. N. Anggraini and M. K. A. Rosa, “Analisa Tegangan Tembus Minyak Nabati Dengan Perlakuan Pemanasan Berulang,” 1982.

M. Rafiq, C. Li, I. Khan, H. Zhifeng, Y. Lv, and K. Yi, “Preparation and breakdown properties of mineral oil based alumina nanofluids,” Proc. 2015 Int. Conf. Emerg. Technol. ICET 2015, pp. 2–4, 2016.

Y. Xuan and W. Roetzel, “Conceptions for heat transfer correlation of nanofluids,” Int. J. Heat Mass Transf., vol. 43, no. 19, pp. 3701–3707, 2000.

V. A. Primo, B. Garcia, and J. C. Burgos, “Applicability of nanodielectric fluids to the improvement of transformer insulation properties,” Proc. 2016 IEEE Int. Conf. Dielectr. ICD 2016, vol. 1, pp. 76–79, 2016.

G. Lazarus, “Nanofluid heat transfer and applications,” J. Therm. Eng., vol. 1, no. 2, p. 113, 2015.

V. Segal, A. Hjortsberg, A. Rabinovich, D. Nattrass, and K. Raj, “AC (60 Hz) and impulse breakdown strength of a colloidal fluid based on transformer oil and magnetite nanoparticles,” Conf. Rec. 1998 IEEE Int. Symp. Electr. Insul. (Cat. No.98CH36239), vol. 2, pp. 619–622, 1998.

R. Karthik, F. Negri, and A. Cavallini, “Influence of ageing on dielectric characteristics of silicone dioxide, tin oxide and ferro nanofluids based mineral oil,” Proceeding IEEE - 2nd Int. Conf. Adv. Electr. Electron. Information, Commun. Bio-Informatics, IEEE - AEEICB 2016, pp. 40–43, 2016.

M. Bakrutheen, R. Karthik, and R. Madavan, “Investigation of critical parameters of insulating mineral oil using semiconductive nanoparticles,” Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. Circuit, Power Comput. Technol. ICCPCT 2013, pp. 294–299, 2013.

H. Illias, T. S. Yuan, A. Halim, A. Bakar, G. Chen, and P. L. Lewin, “Partial Discharge Patterns in High Voltage Insulation,” no. December, pp. 2–5, 2012.

E. S. Sitorus, Henry B. H., Diah Permata, “Jurnal Rekayasa dan Teknologi Elektro,” Electrician, vol. 2, no. 1, pp. 1–10, 2008.

M. Rafiq, Y. Lv, C. Li, and K. Yi, “Effect of different nanoparticle types on breakdown strength of transformer oil,” Annu. Rep. - Conf. Electr. Insul. Dielectr. Phenomena, CEIDP, vol. 2016–Decem, no. 2, pp. 436–440, 2016.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.25077/jnte.v7n1.522.2018

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

JNTE index by:

 

 

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Statistic and Traffic