Main Article Content
Automation, Light Vehicles Movement, Mine Ramps, Underground, Traffic Signal Lights
The safe movement of Light Vehicles (LVs) is jeopardised on underground mine ramps due to the single lane nature of ramp and the use of ramp by Heavy Vehicles (HVs). Two-way traffic flow dynamics in single-lane underground mine haulage ramps do affect productivity of ramp in times of ore transportation from underground to the surface for processing. In this research, we made use of traffic signal lights, Radio Frequency (RF) Transmitters (Tx) and Receivers (Rx) and a traffic signal lights module to safeguard LV motion on underground ramp. Simulation outcomes confirm safe movement of LV in the midst of HV and other LV on the haulage ramp. This development assures of safety of LV and stands to minimise the incidents occurrences rate in mine ramp haulage systems.
M. Pasternak and J. A. Marshall, “On the design and selec-tion of vehicle coordination policies for underground mine production ramps”, International Journal of Mining Science and Technology, vol. 26, pp. 623-627, 2016.
D. Haviland and J. Marshall, “Fundamental behaviours of production traffic in underground mine haulage ramps”, International Journal of Mining Science and Technology, vol. 25, pp. 7-14, 2015.
K. K. Lisha, S. A. Alex, and A. Kanavalli, “Survey of various technologies involved in vehicle‐to‐vehicle communication”, in AI and IoT‐Based Intelligent Automation in Robotics, A. K. Dubey, A. Kumar, S. R. Kumar, N. Gayathri, and P. Das, Eds. 2021. pp. 259-269,
P. P. Jativa, C. A. Azurdia-Meza, M. R. Canizares, I. Sanchez, and D. Iturralde, “On the performance of visible light communications in underground mines”, Proceedings of the 2020 IEEE Latin-American Conference on Communications, Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic, pp. 1-6, 2020.
S. M. Riurean, M. Leba, and A. C. Ionica, Application of visible light wireless communication in underground mine, Cham, Switzerland: Springer Nature, 2021.
M. A. Moridi, M. Sharifzadeh, Y. Kawamura, and H. D. Jang, “Development of wireless sensor networks for underground communication and monitoring systems (the cases of underground mine environments)”, Tunneling and Underground Space Technology, vol. 73, pp. 127–138, 2018.
H. Guo, Z. Sun, and C. Zhou, “Practical design and imple-mentation of metamaterial-enhanced magnetic induction communication”, IEEE Access, vol. 5, pp. 17213- 17229, 2017.
Z. Sun, and I. F. Akyildiz, ‘‘Magnetic induction communications for wireless underground sensor networks,’’ IEEE Trans. Antennas and Propagation, vol. 58, no. 7, pp. 2426–2435, 2010.
E. Sun, A. Nieto, Z. Li, and V. Kecojevic, “An integrated information technology assisted driving system to improve mine trucks-related safety”, Safety Science. vol. 48, no. 10, pp. 1490-1497, December 2010.
Y. Kim, J. Baek, and Y. Choi, “Smart helmet-based personnel proximity warning system for improving underground mine safety”, Applied Sciences, vol. 11, issue 10, 18 pp., January 2021.
M. Mascaró, I. Parra-Tsunekawa, C. Tampier, J. Ruiz-del-Solar, ‘Topological navigation and localization in tunnels—application to autonomous load-haul-dump vehicles operating in underground mines”, Applied Sciences. vol. 11, issue 14, 27 pp., January 2021.
M. Patrucco, E. Pira, S. Pentimalli, R. Nebbia, A. Sorlini, “Anti-collision systems in tunneling to improve effectiveness and safety in a system-quality approach: A review of the state of the art”, Infrastructures. vol. 6, issue 3, pp. 1379-1385, March 2021.
J. M. Patterson and S. A. Shappell, “Operator error and system deficiencies: Analysis of 508 mining incidents and accidents from Queensland, Australia using HFACS”, Accident Analysis & Prevention, vol. 42, no. 4, pp. 1379-1385, July 2010.
T. Horberry, “Safe design of mobile equipment traffic management systems”, International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics. Vol. 41, no. 5, pp. 551-560, September 2011.
M. A. Akkaş, “Using wireless underground sensor networks for mine and miner safety”, Wireless Networks. vol. 24, no. 1, pp. 17-26, January 2018.
S. N. Ismail, A. Ramli, H. A. Aziz, “Research trends in mining accidents study: A systematic literature review”, Safety Science. Vol. 143, 13 pp., November 2021.
A. Pande and B. Wolshon, Traffic Engineering Handbook, Hoboken, New Jersey: John Wiley and Sons, 2016.